The Future of War, and How It Affects YOU (Multi-Domain Operations) – Smarter Every Day 211

The Future of War, and How It Affects YOU (Multi-Domain Operations) – Smarter Every Day 211

– Hey it me, Destin. This is hard to explain. So lemme just start here. Everyone has a unique world view, and that world view is shaped
by different perspectives. Perspectives are shaped by how you choose to spend your time. For the past 15 years, I
have been a federal employee, specifically something called a Department of Defense civil servant and as part of that, I took an oath to defend the Constitution against all threats foreign and domestic and I’ve been using math
and science to do just that. I’ve been doing that in the role of something called a Missile
Flight Test Engineer for the Army Test Evaluation Command. We, the men and women of the
Army Test Evaluation Command have been tasked with a
job of protecting soldiers by testing their equipment
to make sure that if someone’s gonna use an
offensive system against them, they can defend themselves and in order to do that, you
must first become an expert on the offensive systems. Does that make sense? This is the part that’s
hard to explain but, for the last however long, I’ve been learning how
to use these systems. For example, this is me,
operating a mortar and I have to learn everything
about this thing. This is me operating a mini gun. Now, it looks like
you’re just shooting but that’s not what’s happening here. This is me learning failure modes, how to operate it, the capabilities and
limitations of the system. This is me learning
common jams that happen, how to clear those jams. There’s a lot of stuff going on here. It’s not just shooting
out of a helicopter. (machine gun firing) This is me in a Bradley
infantry Fighting Vehicle, firing the M242 25 millimeter cannon. That’s something I spent
a lot of time doing. The thing that I spent
the most time on was missles and rockets. This is me participating in a test of a javelin missile system. – [Soldier] Windows open. 3-2-1 FIRE! (missile hissing) (missile exploding) (missile exploding) – Footage like this goes on forever and it’s hard to believe that I was blessed enough to do this job. I took it very seriously and my teammates who are still doing it are some of the most amazing
people I’ve ever worked with. The men and women there are brilliant. Now you know me. The world is interesting and amazing and one of my favorite things to do is to be handed a complex question and work with a team of
competent individuals to arrive at a solution to that and then afterwards, I love sharing that path of discovery with others. I was talking about perspective
earlier and this is why. Over 15 years you can kind of understand major trends and shifts
that are happening. For example, in 2003 the main
issues were terrorism, okay? Slowly, that started to shift and I noticed that over time, here in the last couple years especially, the US is mostly concerned
about major state actors. You can imagine how difficult it’s been, going into work everyday, working on huge problems that matter and that have huge implications and then not being able to
talk about it with anyone. Well, this video changes that. I’m going back to school, right? On my way out the door, I get this call from a
four-star general and he said, Destin, would you like to
film your last mission and after your mission come to
my office and interview me, a four-star general, and
we’ll just talk about what you’ve been doing all this time and how your little piece of the puzzle fits into the overall bigger picture? And then he told me that we can make that a publicly releasable video. So yes, I’m excited about this. Let’s go to Hawaii and
let me share with you my last mission. For my last mission, I was told I’d be filming
a mission in the Pacific, off the coast of Kauai
as a part of RIMPAC. RIMPAC is the Rim of the Pacific exercise. It is the largest naval
exercise in the world and it happens every two years in Hawaii and involves countries
from all over the world. Often with RIMPAC, they’ll
do what they call a sink ex. It’s an exercise which involves
actually sinking a ship. In this case, the USS Racine. My job was to fly out in a helicopter, over the Pacific, dozens
of miles away from shore, as they’re hitting this thing
with missles and rockets and bombs and torpedoes
and all that stuff. I’m gonna be in the helicopter up top and my job is to get footage of impact. So, that’s why I had to
go through dunker training with the Marines because that helicopter, if it goes down in the ocean,
there’s nowhere to land, so you have to be able to figure out how to get out and survive. It took us about an hour
to get out to the ship. We flew out over the water,
which felt like forever and we finally got there and we realized that we have some challenges. Number one, we had to
loiter at 10,000 feet, which meant we were like
looking through a soda straw ’cause we had our lenses zoomed all the in and with the rocking of the helicopter, that made it really hard
to focus on the ship. So I was really concerned that my shot would be out of focus. Another issue is we didn’t know exactly when the impact was going to take place. We knew that there was
this window of time, which meant that me, on
the high speed camera, and the Barking Sands
Missile Range guy to my left, who was operating a stabilized camera, we had to just focus on
the ship the entire time, but we couldn’t look at
it with our naked eyes. So we didn’t know when
impact was gonna happen. We had to rely on the pilot to cry out, impact, impact, impact,
whenever he saw smoke. So thankfully, he was very attentive, he did his job well, we did our job well and we were able to capture the images and get the engineers
data that they needed. They wanted to know what
the warhead effects were, they were trying to do a specific thing with this specific
Norwegian strike missile. It’s a Norwegian missile that
was operated by the US Army, which in itself, is a fascinating thing, using targeting data from other systems. So this is really a big
interoperability test. It was fascinating. That was the first thing that happened and then over the course of the day, the Racine just got walloped. It was monitored by a US Army Gray Eagle. The Australians hit it with a Harpoon. The USS Olympia, a submarine,
they hit it with a Harpoon and then the Japanese Defense Forces, they hit it with a
surface to ship missile, so I had another opportunity to film that in slow motion as well and that was hard because again, we had the same problems. We didn’t know exactly
when it was gonna hit because it was so far from shore. I almost missed it. We got it right as it
approached the ship but I was very thankful we got
the data that we needed. I wish I had triggered it just not even a hundred milliseconds earlier, but thankfully, we did get the bare-bones data requirement that we needed. The USS Racine had a really bad day. After we hit it with all
these missiles and stuff, some Apaches came all
the way out from shore and they did some work
on the deck with rockets and 30 mike-mike and then
after that the grand finale, a Mark 48 torpedo fired from a US sub and this is something I will never forget. In a helicopter, over the USS Racine, was can get down closer
because there’s not a huge safety fan issue like there was with missiles flying at you. You can be right there on it. I chose to get the 4k camera
and just get right on that ship and just hold it as best I could and boom. You can see it happen. The cool thing to me is you can see that big air bubble form under the ship and then it just breaks the keel. It’s like breaking the spine of the ship and that thing is done. Later it was finished off
buy some aerial stuff, but the USS Racine is no more. I’m gonna level with you here. I speak rocket, I speak missile, and I’m not intimidated by those things. This was an intimidating
exercise for me personally, because I don’t understand how to coordinate battlefield maneuvers. Now I understand that
people in the military do know these things. I don’t. I asked my friend Captain Mackenzie Harp to help me get smarter on the topic. So she took me to speak with someone from the Asymmetric Warfare Group, which is a part of TRADOC. Alright this is Lieutenant
Colonel Davis with TRADOC, Training and Doctrine Command, right? – That’s correct. – How does the battlefield
work these days? – So right now, when you think
about the modern battlefield, what you’re thinking about is your thinking about chess
pieces moving on a map. Could we create new version of that, that is three dimensional? Some of us grew up on Star Wars, even my kids grew up on Star Wars. There’s a famous scene
that keeps getting repeated where they are playing chess with these little creatures on a map and they’re in three dimensions and they’re playing this
three dimensional chess. Well when I was a kid,
I always wanted to play three dimensional chess. That’s what we’re trying to
do now with this battle space. So there are five
acknowledged domains right now and arguably there’s sixth but the five domains and just go from lowest to highest ’cause it’s typically easiest that way. There’s sea, there’s the land, there’s the air, which are
our traditional domains which is why we have
Navy for the sea domain, the Army for the land domain and then the Air Force for the air domain. And what we’ve realized in
the last couple of years is that there’s also the space domain and then we also have the cyber domain. Because as we all know, the internet has changed the
connectivity of our planet and it’s also changed not only the way we exchange information, but the way that we are going to interact with our environment. – [Destin] So you’re saying
the battlefield is not land, with Abrams tanks or sea with a ship or something like that or an airplane flying overhead. You’re saying it’s more than than now. – Yes. – [Destin] The battlefield is different? – The operational space has changed, just like the world has changed. – Like a futuristic commander, he could be fighting a cyber
war or cyber battle to his left and he can have a naval
battle to his right and he’s also thinking
about the air battle. So he could be fighting multiple battles at once in the same conflict. – Absolutely. – [Destin] And that’s called what? – Multi-domain operations and then you would be doing cross-domain maneuver, within that multi-domain operation. – [Destin] Explain a
cross-domain maneuver. – We in the military
would define a maneuver as the ability to shoot and move, and often we add communicate to that because you can’t do
one without the other. The ability to shoot, move and communicate within multiple domains. Air, land, sea battles,
our traditional way of thinking of warfare, is a cross-domain maneuver when we are shooting from the sea
through the air to the land. That is a cross-domain maneuver. Now we have soldiers
who have the ability to see through the cyber domain, by using the space
domain, i.e. a satellite, in order to conduct a ground movement inside of a city. – You are working with how people interact with each of these domains. I need to find the person who is basically playing the chess game. And who would that be? – So, this is Four Star
General Robert Brown, which is a really big deal, Sir, thank you. – Well I don’t know about that but, yeah. – For even considering talking to me. What I’ve noticed, when
I started 15 years ago, we were fighting insurgencies, – Right. – Terrorism, things like that. – Right. – It’s changing. – Yeah, sure. – [Destin] So from your perspective, what I’ve learned about
talking to all these other folks that work for you is something called multi-domain – Operations. – [Destin] Operations. – Yeah. – [Destin] And can you explain that to me? – So multi-domain operations,
I will tell you it’s a, I am positive, one thing I am positive, it’s the way of the future and in warfare and we’re either going
to do like we are now, innovate and move towards
multi-domain operations, to either win a conflict
in the future or prevent it because nobody’d be stupid
enough to fight against us, or we’re gonna be forced to do it because we lose someday pretty badly and we’re going to have to do it and I hope that’s not the case. – [Destin] You’re trying
to get ahead of the curve. – Get ahead of the curve,
not fight last fight but fight the future fight and in fact, maybe not have to fight because we’re so darn
good nobody can match us. So this is an evolutionary thing. You go back to the Civil
War, the Battle of Vicksburg, the Army had to work with the
Navy in a river in that case, to win at Vicksburg. – [Destin] Grant actually
diverted the river. – There you go. Exactly. – [Destin] Grant’s Canal. – And so you got domains in play there, a little bit of maritime and land. However, things have changed
as you know as well as anybody. The world’s gotten so complex and now there’re these other domain out there. Cyber, space, I would also
count the human domain as well, I think is the most important. – [Destin] What do you mean by that? – What I mean by the human domain is that when you look at conflict, it’s a contest of wills
and people are involved. It’s about people. I mean, there maybe machines
going against each other some people say, oh it’ll
all be autonomous, AI and all machines in the future. I certainly don’t believe that. There’ll be autonomous
vehicles, there’ll be a lot that’s done but people are
always gonna have to be involved, that’s the nature of conflict and so it’s influence over those people. What we’re seeing today is, you can influence someone before you’re even at conflict with them and you can influence them in the cyber domain and you can influence
them in the space domain and you can influence and
there are no boundaries in these domains. – Forgive me Sir. You’re four-star General, – Yeah. – You’re a very important individual (General laughing) but I’m a simple man and so
I need it broken down for me. – Okay. – For example, I’ve been
keeping up with the news and I know that there’s
huge social media campaigns that occur before an actual
battle ever occurs now. – Right. – Is that true? – Well they call it the gray zone effect. You look at what some nations are doing. Russia’s pretty darn good at it. China as well where, in what we used to call
Phase Zero, pre-conflict. I don’t like that term at all. There’s always gonna be competition and we’re in a
hyper-competition now, always. You’re exactly right. They will be working
to shape and influence people’s perceptions before
a conflict even occurs. What happens is, it’s a fait accompli, that before we even fire a
bullet they’ve already won. If you look at Russia and Ukraine. Little bit of that. We call them little green men. They took off their patches, claimed they weren’t Russians, just to put just enough
doubt, cyber stuff happening, events happening and it wasn’t quite, just staying right below the
threshold of conflict but yet – [Destin] And then as soon as
it was time to turn conflict, it was already over. – Already over. They already had the territory, they already had what they wanted, now they hold onto it. So this is new. There are other aspects that are new. I would tell you that the the speed of human velocity,
of human interaction, is that a rate never before seen. You can put out a video
and millions look at it. When I was your age, there was no way I could get millions of
people look at anything. I have a private that does something in, I have 106,000 people in
the US Army in the Pacific. I have a private that does
something that’s on CNN tonight, worldwide impact, influence. Good or bad. That’s changed. The speed of perception. I was talking this one time
and someone confronted me and said, well things moved
fast in the Civil War, by telegraph, things moved fast. They might have moved fast, they didn’t diffuse rapidly. Now you can diffuse. Send a tweet and halfway around the world, billions of people are paying
attention to it, right? So this has an impact in conflict, it has an impact in
everything in our society. Business, sports, military conflict, it’s a huge impact. So you’ve got all the domains,
air, land, sea, space, and I think around the all of them is this human domain,
that is the most complex, the most important. Let’s get back to multi-domain operations, we’re going all over the place. I wanna try and simplify
it best I can for you. It’s an evolutionary process. Over time we’ve had
air land, air land sea. We’re evolving but it’s
a revolutionary impact, where you’re maneuvering in all domains to a position of relative advantage. So what we were just talking about was maneuvering in cyber to a position of relative advantage pre-conflict, maneuvering in space to a
position of relative advantage and to take advantage of
multi-domain operations, if you truly work together,
one of our strengths, we’re more joint than
any force in the world, the US Military. We’re still not joint enpugh. We’ve got to work where
it’s not the exception where we’re working really well together, not a joint integration, I’m sorry joint interdependence, but joint integration. – Lemme ask you this. So yesterday I was over the water, watching an engagement
by a foreign nation, engaging a target with information from US satellites provided on a different type of communication network. I just see the engagement. I’m a missile tester. I test the missile but I don’t get to see the chess games. I’m a little too close to the board, I’m the pawn. – So think about in the past if the services are in stove pipes and you can do things in
your service pretty well but if you have a menu of options of all the service capabilities, like you saw yesterday. There was a missile that
launched from the land, can destroy a ship at sea and it was controlled by an Army element, but using Navy, Air Force,
Marine and as you mentioned, some national satellite means things never before
used to pull it together and enable it to talk and work together, that gives you more options
against an adversary. Anybody would want more options. It allows you to present multiple dilemmas to an adversary instead of a linear, here comes the land force, here’s the maritime forces, here’s the air, we’re working together, it’s very linear and predictable, It’s very unpredictable,
multi-domain operations. – [Destin] So that’s the
goal, is to be unpredictable. – Unpredictable, present multiple dilemmas to you adversary that
they have to deal with and then multiple options
to your leadership and that’s what you saw a
little taste of yesterday, now picture if that ship is trying to skirt into
the littorals to avoid our strength at sea that our Navy, the best in the world has, so they’re trying to skirt around it. Well the Army can engage
that ship now and destroy it so now it has to go back out
to sea and be right in our engagement area, where
we’re going to destroy them. So you’re your pairing
up together, all domains, maneuvering to a position
of relative advantage and each domain working together to create those windows of opportunity where you can dominate your adversary. The other good thing is, and the reason I talk
about the human dimension, the human domain in all this, you can’t do this if you
can’t empower people. – [Destin] What do you mean? – If you’ve got someone
that you tell them a task and that’s all they can
do, this would never work. You have to have the ability to empower, what we call in the Army mission command, but the other services
have similar versions, where I can give someone
an outcome I want. They figure out how to get there, they’ll amaze you with what they do. Talented young leaders, our
people, are our advantage. The best non-commissioned
officers in the world. The best leaders that are taught to thrive in ambiguity and chaos. – Multi-domain battle,
we have multiple layers are playing 4-D chess, but you’re saying it’s like the chess pieces are alive themselves. – Yeah. – and they can think on their own. – Good analogy. – [Destin] What move is best. – Yeah it’s not you. There’s no longer the central
figure moving that piece, it moves too rapidly. Those pieces are empowered
and can move themselves but work together and know how to work so they’re integrated because they practice
together all the time, just like we were doing yesterday and just like you saw,
historically for the first time, doing that on a regular basis. You really develop a web of options that you can use to keep an adversary completely off guard and you’re completely unpredictable on that. So you’re using all
domains, all angles you can, to present those multiple dilemmas and that requires incredible
joint integration. That’s not natural ’cause we
all grow up in stove pipes, 37 years I’ve been Army,
trained in Army schools. I did joint time, I was on
the Joint Staff and stuff but I think of an Army solution first. So you gotta get out of those stove pipes. Maybe there’s a better air solution. Maybe a better cyber solution. Maybe a better maritime solution. – I think I see what’s
happening right here Sir. This is US Army Pacific. – Right. – You’re the guy in charge
of the 4D chess board – Yeah. Well, portions of it maybe. – Portions of it. If multi-domain operations,
we’ve got land, sea, space, air, cyber. Is this video a weapon? – Absolutely. – What? So I just made a weapon? – Yeah pretty much. Well, if it can help folks
understand number one, if it can deter those
that would do us harm, it’s a hell of a weapon and if it can help those
who are working this understand it a little better,
support it a little better, then it’s a heck of a weapon. Yeah I guess you could almost say that, that’s why you’re doing this. Pretty clever with these
analogies here, yeah. – I don’t know what to do
with this information now. That’s pretty amazing. So war is changing. – Yeah, there’s no question,
we’re at an inflection point and some of the things,
the reasons we go to war, maybe not changing, but
the character of war, with technology, I mean, significantly changing. – I’ll be honest, when I was growing up, a soldier, the stereotype
of an American soldier, was a tough person with big
muscles that could run far and pick up big things. – Yeah. – Now it’s a hyper-intelligent individual? – I wouldn’t go away, physical prowess is key for a soldier, ’cause it’s still tough work and I would say in all the services, being physically fit is still key. In fact, we just developed a new Army combat physical fitness
test that’s excellent. It help you prepare you for
what you will face in combat. So you still have to be physically fit, you gotta be more of a holistic person, but you got to learn and I wouldn’t say it’s
hyper-intelligence, I’d say it’s the ability
to solve a complex problem in a timely manner with
a creative solution, the ability to thrive
in ambiguity and chaos, that’s not necessarily hyper-intelligence. That’s the ability to
make the right decision, know when you have enough information, know when you don’t
have enough information. It’s common sense, it is intelligence, but it’s training education
that we have to do and we’re doing different
than we did in the past. We might have told somebody in the past, here’s your task, here are the exact steps you need to take to accomplish it. Shouldn’t do that anymore. Here’s the outcome I want, you figure out how to get there. That’s the difference. – War is changing. Thank you very much for your time. – [ General] Absolutely. – I feel like you’re the
game master or something. – I don’t know about that. – There’s a huge, not a
game, war is not a game. – One thing I am positive though, is if we do this right, if we truly come together and
integrate in a joint manner, as the United States along
with our International, our allies are so key
that’s why as you saw, we had a Japanese ground
self-defense force involved and our great allies around
the world are critical. We’re not gonna do anything alone. But if we come together and we truly get multi-domain operations right, it’ll be an absolute key
to peace and stability in the future, ’cause no
one would be foolish enough, and some of these nations
we’ve been talking about, many out there, they don’t have the people, the ability to empower people, the way we do and it’s that American Spirit, that is a huge advantage. It has been for a long time. We can’t handcuff those folks. We gotta empower them and that’s what multi-domain operations is all about and I sure wouldn’t want to go against us when we do it right. Nobody wants to fight. The best thing would be
again, the deterrence where we never have to fight, because nobody’d be foolish
enough to go against us. So that’s the best thing. I thank you for interested in this, flying around in a helicopter, above a missile being fired, several missles being fired. – [Destin] It was awesome. – Pretty gutsy and coming out and seeing
some of these things, just a small taste of it, got a lot to connect, a lot of work to do, pull all the pieces together
but if anybody can do it, the United States military can. I feel very confident and I’m
very proud United States Army leading the way with
multi-domain operations. – The General mentioned that
this video could be a weapon and I hope it is. I hope it’s a countermeasure. The one thing I want you to
take away from this video is that multi-domain operations
are the future of warfare. I find it fascinating that General Brown, a four-star General, a person who wields incredible military might, is concerned about the cyber domain. You heard him say it, right? Several times. The cyber domain and the human element affected by the cyber domain. Let’s think about what’s
different about the cyber domain. If you roll up into a bay in a a ship and you start shooting stuff, people are gonna notice, right? But how do maneuvers take
place in the cyber domain? They’re more subversive than that, right? People don’t wear
uniforms on the internet. Surfninja385 is not declaring his intent to be hostile before he does something. Maneuvers and actions in the cyber domain don’t make loud noises. This type of conflict
is based on deception and the most important deception is to convince you that
you’re not at conflict. Heck, even a couple days ago, I was tweeting something
asking about this stuff and I was accused pretty
quickly of tinfoil hattery. I think the reason that is, is because we like to think
about this place that we gather, the internet place here, as just a fun, consequence-free place where we can like and up vote and comment and subscribe and all that kind of stuff, but come on. We can all feel it, we just
don’t know how to say it. I feel this us versus them thing and I’ve seen really smart
friends fall into it and I’m guilty myself. Something’s happening. I just had a four-star
General tell me that the cyber domain and specifically,
the human elements, us, affected within that cyber domain, is one of the five most
important components to modern warfare. There’s an old saying
from when I was a kid. Knowing is half the battle
and it totally applies here. Think about it. Just knowing that the cyber
domain is a battle space and I’m in it, is huge. So what about the other
half of the battle? Straight-up. I believe the biggest threat right now is division. They’re gonna find the
division within our society and they’re gonna try to amplify it. I would like to submit
for your consideration, a countermeasure. A way to get through
this modern bombardment, in this new battle space that
we haven’t experienced before. If they’re trying to divide us, I think the way to get
around this is proactive, intentional unity. We can all do this. We all need to be more
conscious of what types of content we’re consuming online. What are we liking? What are we sharing? How is that affecting our minds? Is it affecting the way we treat people, both online and offline? If we extend patience and political grace, not just to those people we like, but also to those with whom we disagree, these maneuvers in the cyber
domain meant to divide us, simply will not work. Political grace. Basically the art of disagreeing well. This is the ultimate countermeasure to this kind of attack. Thanks for watching this video.

100 thoughts on “The Future of War, and How It Affects YOU (Multi-Domain Operations) – Smarter Every Day 211

  • I've kept this side of my life off the internet intentionally for 15 years. It's been strange being a dual YouTuber/Missile Tester, because obviously this side of my life feels very important and the main driver for many of my life decisions. I'm more than just a person who makes videos and puts them on YouTube, and I feel like I'm kind of introducing you to the other side of me with this video. I thought long and hard about putting this online after I was asked if I wanted to film my last mission. I ultimately decided to post this video to let you know that Multi-Domain Operations are real…. and you're in the cyber domain. I didn't understand the full extent of what the implications of this were until I dug into it more. Over the course of the next several videos we're going to explore these cyber issues in a very real way. I hope you'll explore this with me.

  • Mission Fail. Multi-ethnic, multi-racial, and multi-cultural divisions within the borders of any nation is warfare. It's being practiced in every Western Nation. The values and ideals we defend today, will be discarded by the generation of complete foreigners that we foolishly hosted since 1965. There will simply be nothing to fight for.

  • Rely less on satellite and bring it all down to earth a kind of virtual war theatre… they tried remote monitoring in WW2 where they used psychics to read the chaos outcomes not all that successful … knowing an outcome by knowing the elements that are able to know the chaos outcome, maybe quantum computing.

  • Okay, here is some political grace
    At current count, 86 thousand people think this video was good. GIven that the 'Like/dislike' rationality is ambiguous at best; some like the video becaue it depicts weapons (especially an American perspective), or close – the might of the US military complex, or some might just like person making the video, some might like the notion of 'political grace', some might just be liking the models in the chaps room, or the hat on his head…
    At current count 3.6 thousand people (myself inclusive) dislike the video again for varying reasons. In my case it perpetuates the notion of conflict and the paranoid need (again a mostly American trait…) to be ultimately prepared for conflict, to the point of extreme overkill, a sort of 21st century minuteman readiness, supported by the number of civilians armed to the teeth with weapons that, in most other (rational) nations has been outlawed. With such an unbalanced ratio, serves to show that as a species, we are most certainly doomed. Why do people find war so appealing? Why do people feel turned-on by seeing these obscene toys of death? Some almost positively masturbating over the sight of the Zumwalt destroyer, or a (phallic) nuclear submarine…
    The United States spends more of its citizens money on its military assets than any other country (or even combinations of countries). To what end? Global domination? Certainly the four-star general believes that to be the case.
    The global military industrial complex is also the biggest consumer of sequestered carbon (fossil fuels) and thus the biggest driver of GHG emissions, within the anthropogenic sphere of influence. With the US military, by far the biggest culprit.
    The Four-Star General is obviously not up to speed on global events – specifically the dynamics of climate chaos. Sure he's probably read the reports by the US military researchers that admit that global warming is an issue to contend with, with regards to 'National Security'… But like most people, likely quite myopic with regard to the full rammifications of an extinction level event, that may well present itself in full-force in the very near-term future.
    So to the 'Cyber Domain' – I guess this makes me a 'cyber-conscientious objector' (?) I am BTW, a 60 year old who has been actioning against nuclear weapons and war all my adult life, since I left the Royal Navy where I served as a nuclear submariner, so I'm not without some serious experience or perspective on this subject.
    I think it is totally obscene to be involved in any capacity, in the sphere of weapons and warfare. This species has been around for approximately 300 thousand years and for most of that time, has been involved in clobbering its neighbours in one form or another, first with hand axes, then spears, then pikes and swords, then gunpowder and muskets, then rifles, artilliary, 1st raters, Ironclads, Dreadnoughts, battleships, submarines, tanks, bi-planes, Flying Fortresses, atomic bombs, jet fighters, nuclear submarines, ICBMs, drones and now the personal computer… And there seems no end to it.
    What have we learned? That basically we are mostly, seriously nasty organisms, incapable of rational thinking and treating ourselves and all other species (fauna or flora) with any degree of respect. That human might is right (?) Utter hubris.
    I see the apex predator – Homo sapiens-'sapiens' as an aberration in the evolutionary algorithm. And we are likely doomed for a variety of reasons, not least of which, the inabilty to see how futile our endeavours are. For ultimately, the planet itself will, and is in the process of purging the most destructive species ever to have evolved.
    Go and rejoice in your toys of war… But remember, there have been five mass extinction events (that we know of…) and we are currently onboard, as the driver, of the sixth extinction level event. And don't think for one moment that human ingenuity, technological prowess or faith in some ficticious sky daddy will prevail. The forces of nature are far more powerful than anyone cares to admit, or might even understand.
    Humans – Either drunk on hubris, stoned on hopium, or in a coma of faith and mostly oblivious to oblivion

  • Excellent video!
    It sounds like you have had a wonderful career so far. The Federal Service needs more people like yourself!

  • I always knew you were an interesting individual; but being asked to film RIMPAC 2018!?!? Yeah man! That's super cool and patriotic as heck. 😀

  • Isn’t it ironic that the us now falls behind in 5G technology, because of an orange haired Chump? Hahahaha hahahaha, lets make america great again.

  • Sure does that sounds like some sort of work confusing to me anymore though maybe if I was younger it would look like fun.

  • I have seen a future war in a vision. All I saw was missiles and destruction first from the left and then retaliated from the right with devastating effects. I saw none of this BS. Missiles only need one finger to presa the button if the computer does not do it for you. You don’t need solders anymore. You need missile factories.

  • SED you got it and your proactive unity is right on/ in line with many teachings of factual empowerment of an individual integrated with in the whole.
    Hmm like iterations.

  • That a 4-star general who holds such power and decision-making ability is that intelligent and forward-thinking should definitely give other nations pause. Clearly, the U.S. military has a huge advantage when it comes to it's people and you can see that from the top, down.

  • my understanding is, if america goes up against a nuclear armed opponent, that in very little time it will become a nuclear slugging match over in an hour or so; Multi-Domain Operations? naa every one is dead .

  • This sheds some light on the Vietnam war. The US certainly won in physical engagement since for every American casualty, there were 20 casualties on the Viet Kong side. The US however lost in the human domain given that the US was pushed out of Vietnam due to the unpopularity of the war in the US.

  • So… If the enemy destroys the communication sats including GPS what's the prognosis? Does the US military gets butt hurt?

  • there is no future "war"… for example, iran will not be a war. it'll be a slaughter. there is NO force that can remotely challenge us, period. and everyday, we grow more and more powerful on ever level. and yes, many would say certain world powers have similar techs to us, such as russia's 5th gen fighter. BUT… how many do they have? how much training do their pilots get? etc etc etc…. folks major wars are on the verge of extinction. the future of war is the power of sanctions.

  • Because we are so darn good……yeah….that thougt the German also at Kursk. Korea; a draw. Us was kicked out of Vietnam, Russia kicked out of Afganistan ……..You can have de best weapons and still loose the war… 2001; …..the US could not stop 4 plains from attacking there soil.

  • George Washington tried "political grace". It didn't work too well. Grown up talk coming up, so you children need to leave the room.
    Who would you consider a domestic enemy right now, oath taker? Touchy subject, I know. For instance, what if I knew of a group of people that is currently attempting a coup on the President by corrupting, then abusing, institutions of government to facilitate that coup? What if I knew a group of people that advocates, aids, and abets an invasion of unlawful immigrants into the United States, then establishes sanctuary cities so those unlawful immigrants cannot be subject to the immigration laws of the United States? What if the same group of people advocates and seeks to establish a Socialist style of government that is contrary to our laws? What if the same group of people has demonstrated a contempt for the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness by legalizing and attempting to legalize the abortion of the unborn and post born, as well as late term abortions? What if I told you the same group of people has demonstrated a contempt for the right of the presumption of innocence wherein the mere act of being accused is evidence enough for a conviction without the need to produce corroborating evidence to prove the guilt of the accused? What if I told you that same group of people has used foreign governments to influence and interfere with our elections? What if I told you that same group of people has demonstrated a contempt for the right of the people to keep and bear arms by attempting to limit, impair, infringe, and prohibit our lawfully secured rights to exercise the same? What if I told you that same group of people has sought and continues to seek to abolish the Electoral College which would alter our Constitutional government by allowing disproportionate representation? What if I told you that same group of people has and continues to attempt to allow those who are not lawful Citizens the right to vote in our elections, depriving and diminishing the will of the lawful Citizenry its voice in the legislature? What if this same group of people has at every turn refused to prosecute their members who have been caught obstructing justice for crimes they were caught committing thereby leading to the criminals going unpunished for their high crimes?
    Would you like me to go on? Because I most certainly can. There is many more facts I can add. At what point would you consider this group to be a domestic enemy? Would it be, possibly, when they have bound you hand and foot with a .45 pointed at your head after they have seized control of the Federal government? Would you consider them a domestic enemy at that point or would you still be advocating "political grace", oath taker?
    And if you do not consider this group to be a domestic enemy, please give me an example of what you would consider a modern day domestic enemy to be.

  • very eye opening on multiple levels definitely gave me a lot to think about thank you for the knowledge upgrade. And thank you for your service to our country.

  • This is fascinating, the managerial world loves military examples mostly they're talking "Command and Control" which is so long obsolete it's outrageous. Misson command and Joint operations were already interesting for me, but now Multi-Domain Operations really has the kernel of some great ways to run modern lean enterprises. I shall be pondering deeply about this.

  • "Multiple Domain Operations 101" by Mr. Theodore Alexander Vegh, B.S. Integrated multiple domain operations and cross domain operations generate challenges for the modern day Commanders that will be solved by the most dedicated men and women of our time. – TAV

  • Your comment on "unity" is key. I stress that on the political forums I visit, and maybe its spreading. It is loving our neighbor as we love ourselves, looking after his well-being. Right MUST make peace with Left, and Left MUST make peace with Right. Black MUST make peace with white. Women MUST make peace with men. We need to help build Mexico instead of helping build a wall (although illegal migration MUST also stop).

  • It seems, given what the general said about the unpredictable nature of multi domain engagements, inevitable that AI will be tasked with top level strategic command and control. Whoever has the most effective algorithms governing the most capable hardware will win. Given the success of machine learning in producing neural nets that beat world champion human gamers in strategy/shooters like Dota 2 demonstrate the superior real-time management of the multitude of complex variables necessary for victory in such scenarios. But what can ensure continued human primacy in the larger context of life on Earth if we surrender control of the sword of our elite military to our synthetic successors in this fashion?

  • Hay you people are trained for this we the people are not ..we had the children and military trained them we stood by and watch our children live die and grow to help other country's …so this is how we get repayed ..

  • The Complexity seems so high and appears to be on the increase logarithmically.
    At what point if any, will it exceed Human Capacity to understand and manage particularly regarding the decision time domain?
    In all Domains Unity is not a benefit when it quashes Individuality or trades Reasoning and Personal Interest in favor of Belief and Unity. These two are where the Battle Line is in Cyber Media Space which is out of Balance.

  • Missiles rule and will do so into the foreseeable future. With present Anti Air able to do 90G turns there is little place for something as slow and vulnerable as a human. The Su 57 is designed to operate as a drone, the pilot is optional. 😉

  • All of these chunk staff you are tooking is advertising, is to show, how you are a good criminal killers, and army selling show,…. My be let dirty Arabs buy unsuccessful chunk weapons u made which is outdated now… Other aim is let others fear… Etc

  • Yeeaah… because attacking USA was easy before 😮. It is interesting how USA is open about things, while other governments are sneaky and abuse peaceful areas, or platforms in this case, to spread evil and attack their target… just like terrorists do. So technically, Russia, China, Iran etc, are sneaky terrorists, which we can prove by their actions. They are sneaky and and they are aggressors, EVEN if it is just propaganda on the internet. Another concern is how support for socialism/communism has increased in USA, which could indicate, or be a symptom of attacks on USA at a cyber/social/entertainment level. And as USA develops and advances their multi-domain-dominance, GOD willing it will be able to detect its enemies and punish them.

  • Scary, once one realizes these powers where used to help Pinochet, support President Diem, destroy peace in Iraq, protect opium fields in Afghanistan, bomb Cambodia for Pol Pot, Einsatztruppen in Vietnam, bomb innocent Serbians, and many more misuse we could mention.
    These decisions are made above the Generals off course.

  • It will take an AI to coordinate MDOs faster than humans can to gain advantage on the battlefield. There wasn't a proper focus on AIs, autonomous weapons or swarm bots. How do you prevent a few hundred million bees equipped with a pellet of C4 and facial recognition software. The outcome really is that only an AI will be able to detect another AI's action in the future. Therefor most MDO will be relegated to AIs and cyber warfare will become prevalent. Yet, in the end, General Brown is right, it will still depend on the human element to prevent this from happening.

  • I'm glad the general allowed this video! I support our military, a lot of my family has served. I now am a machinist making parts for the Air Force. This video should help others the support military in all ways possible

  • Every couple of hundred years Every Thing Changes (*15th century, Industrial Revolution). About 10 years ago I suddenly realized (because I'm Not That Bright) that we are living smack dab in the middle of one of these periods (go to Google Images type in GPS 1978). Now Some of these changes are Good and some are Bad, and where we will end up..No one knows.

    * 15th century 3 things happened 1. Movable type (cheap information, leaders had to be able to read) Protestant Reformation (You can think for yourself) Columbus bumps into a continent Europe didn't know was there. And by the 16th century Everything is different.

  • People passionately fight with one another online over some of the dumbest things, but I bet if a majority of those people met in person and had a beer, tea, or whatever, they would quickly find out how much in more common they really have. I know this because it kind of happened to my friend and changed his outlook on politics and social media forever. Yeah, the U.S. and some of our allies are kind of going through some polarizing times, but it’s not the first time and won’t be the last time in our history. We have lived in the midst of the internet and social media for only few decades and we are just beginning to witness it’s negative sides, but we are learning and the more we learn the more we learn how to overcome these challanges. We will be ready to achieve victory and more prepared to meet future challenges that we can’t even fathom yet.

  • You know what's amazing is how much time as a species we spend trying to figure out new and exciting and more efficient ways of killing each other I mean when is this s*** going to end?

  • If only our political system could operate in the same way this program reveals about the military acting in harmony.. Instead, we have incompetence and infighting and wasting of taxpayer dollars.

  • "Propaganda"… the 7th domain.

    Edit: "wait, so is this video a weapon ?" … ah the old beast of irony bites hard once again… "SmarterEverDay" indeed, lol.

  • 1:24 as a former Soldier THANK YOU SO MUCH for letting people know how often these weapons can f^(& up. I never got to shoot a mini-gun but I have shot a .50 cal and it f^(&s up all the time , in spite of it having the title of most reliable weapon in the Army (I strongly disagree, but whatever).

  • This guy is the nicest most likable general I’ve ever seen. He’s like a kind uncle. Does he politely ask his troops to follow him? Sends “sorry bout killing you” to the enemy after a battle?

  • A skillful enemy will understand his adversaries' strengths and avoid them, or use them against them. This was the case in the American revolution and in Vietnam. Military planners need to look at the the current modality and figure out how an enemy would counter it, then counter that.

  • Thanks for this clarifying video. Your last sentence was very important: "The Art of disagreeing well is the ultimate countermeasure to this kind of attack."
    What i personally experience here in Germany is that exactly this basis for communication is undermined hard with resulting obvious insanity. And i dont mean just in online interactions but also in our justice system where judges are not willing anymore to hear the arguments of one side because they critically question their perspective.
    And i talk about the family court…so it is really about people and how to influence them by demoralizing them.

  • The only thing that had any effect on the ship was the torpedo the rest of the munitions was just scratching the paint on the ship which proves that the Navy is hands down the best at sinking ships

  • A tinfoil hat is a proud piece of kit, the point of the arrow is deep in doo-doo. Crimea was lost there. 10k long-haired friends of Jesus in a chartreuse microbus could have kept the ball in play long enough to choke the process. At the time, we were trying to get a rally together to help bring succor to the poor and displaced of Ukraine but we couldn't generate enough interest ($). The general's comments made me wonder if we were just trying to talk in a noisy room. Great video, it takes courage to claim a position in a fractious environment like the network, good job!

  • One of the unification methods you're involving include political. That being said corruption on either side needs to be dealt with without bias.

  • 22:57 – So you’re saying that creativity is the ultimate weapon, and the rigid, structured (bureaucratic) military mind is losing power in today’s hyper technological world? Well well…This is leadership 101, not management 101. The human domain is psychological entrepreneurial. This general just admitted Joe Rogan is essentially a 7-star tactician.

  • All of this talk, and nothing about hacking? Cyber espionage & IP theft (the ‘Stealth War’)? Algorithm biases? 5G?

  • Probably one of the most interesting videos published on YT. It should be shown to all students and editions of journalism in order to make them aware that one of the pillars of democracy have been hi hacked by the military.

  • For anyone interested, I transcribed the last bit I hope these words are heeded. Thank you Destin 🙂

    "Multi domain operations are the future of modern warfare. (…)
    There's an old saying from when I was a kid. That knowing is half the battle. And it totally applies here. Think about it: just knowing that the cyber domain is a batle space, and I'm in it, is huge.
    So what about the other half of the battle?

    Straight up.

    I believe the biggest threat right now is division. They are gone find the division within our society and they're going to try to amplify it. I would like to submit, for your consideration, a counter measure. A way to get through this modern bombardment in this new battle space that we haven't experienced before. If they are trying to divide us, I think the way to get around that, is proactive, intentional, unity. We can all do this. We all need to be more conscious of what types of content we are consuming online. What are we liking? What are we sharing? How is that affecting our minds? Is it affecting the way we treat people, both online and offline? If we extend patience and political grace, not just to those people we like but, also the people with whom we disagree. These maneuvers in the cyber-domain, meant to divide us, simply will not work. Political grace, basically the art of disagreeing well. This is the ultimate countermeasure."

  • This Video was even more interesting than I already thought it would be. Especially when you are red pilled and already know about the evolution of info wars.

    Watch the codec call from the end of metal gear solid 2 and you will get a grasp of it.

  • Can we get some USA-states to share this with our children, in universities etc? As the US military has FAILED in the University space! Most kids that go to Uni are socialist! It sad, wake-up America socialism is at your door and you have your own people advocating it! Have we no understanding how America works best and for everyone that we are going to let Socialism take our kids, and give-in to something our soldiers fought against and paid in blood to stop?! God bless us and God bless our awesome country.

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